Electrolytes are minerals in your blood and other bodily fluids that carry an electric charge.
Electrolytes affect the amount of water in your body, the acidity of your blood (pH), your muscle function, and other important processes. You lose electrolytes when you sweat. You must replace them by drinking fluids.
Common electrolytes include:
Electrolytes serve three general functions in the body:
- many are essential minerals
- they control osmosis of water between body compartments
- they help maintain the acid-base balance required for normal cellular activities
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